Badminton

Badminton, South Gloucestershire, GL9 1DB
< Back to listings

Overview

By the end of the 17th century, the house at Badminton, Gloucestershire, had become the centre of a vast formal landscape, possibly designed by John Mansfield, with avenues radiating out across the countryside. Around the house was a formal garden with parterres, topiary, terraces, walks, and fountains. Henry Wise (1653–1738), the royal gardener, influenced the design.

The third Duke of Beaufort (1707–1745) was responsible for a major remodelling of the estate at Badminton, including both house and landscape. Francis Smith of Warwick was commissioned to undertake work on the house. The third Duke began to deformalise the garden, advised by Charles Bridgeman (1690–1738).

After the third Duke's death, his brother, the fourth Duke of Beaufort (1709-1756) continued to remodel Badminton, employing architect William Kent, (c.1685–1748) who dramatically simplified the gardens and designed Worcester Lodge. Thomas Wright designed various garden buildings.

By 1768 park had more or less reached its present form, although Dorothy Stroud, the leading authority on #CapabilityBrown stated in her 1975 book that Brown is said to have carried out further work in the park, following Kent's landscaping.

Badminton remains in the Beaufort family. Today, Badminton has a beautiful deer park which hosts the world famous Badminton Horse Trials.  The game of Badminton was invented in the house in 1863.